Mines and post-mining excavations, underground constructions

The Museum of Light Fortifications, Kořenov, Tesařov

Forts whose job it was to prevent Nazi forces invading the Czech border area are to this day scattered throughout the Jizera and Krkonoše Mountains. You will find the remains of defences that were prepared, but not used, in the forests beneath the Štěpánka viewing tower. One of the light fortification buildings, type 37, known as a “ROP”, is home to a small museum and a lot of information not known until now about how the fort was to have worked and with what equipment it was to provide its defence. A line of fortifications was built between 1936 and 1938 to protect against the threat of German military aggression...

The Quartz Mine “Stanisław” in Szklarska Poręba

The quartz mine “Stanisław” located in Szklarska Poręba is set on the south slope and a ridge of the Izerskie Garby in the central-east part of the Izera Mountains in the highest central part of the Wysoki Grzbiet Gór. Furthermore, it is located between the Zielona Kopa Mountain Range on the west side and the Zwalisko on the east side approximately 1.6 kilometer south from the Rozdroże Izerskie. In the past, the quartz excavation was referred to as the Weisse Flins, the Biały Lwiniec (it comes from the name of the legendary Slavic God Flins-Lwiniec, who was apparently buried here a few centuries ago) and the Biały Kamień...

The Slate Quarry, Bratříkov

The use of stone in rural construction generally took off in the Czech lands at the end of the 18th century. The number of granges for peasants and crofters with elements carved from stone then began to rise at the beginning of the 19th century. The industrial extraction of stone associated with the more distinctive application of mechanisation in big quarries came to the fore at the end of the 19th century. One important source in the second half of the 19th century was Železný Brod slate, which brought the area a period of unprecedented boom in the production of coverings...